Pakistan-EU Relations

Pakistan-EU enjoy friendly and cooperative relationship based on common interest and mutual respect. The relationship is moving on an upward trajectory and encompasses regular and structured high-level engagements, including leadership level exchanges, parliamentary contacts and multiple structured dialogue frameworks in diverse fields.
Pakistan and the European Communities (EC), the predecessor of the EU, established diplomatic relations in 1962. The first Ambassador of Pakistan to the EC presented his Credentials to the President of the EC on October 2, 1962. The EU Delegation was established in Pakistan in 1985.
The EU-Pakistan relationship is anchored in the 2004 Cooperation Agreement. It was further augmented and cooperation was realized through Pakistan-EU five-year Engagement Plan (2012-17).
The EU is among the largest trading partners of Pakistan, accounting for Euro 12.34 billion of bilateral trade in 2021. The EU member states host close to 1 million Pakistani diaspora, most of them are gainfully employed in various fields. For the EU, Pakistan is important for its sizeable population, strategic location, issues related to migration and mobility, combating terrorism and regional peace, security and connectivity.
To further strengthen and expand the scope of cooperation and give the relationship a strategic and long-term outlook, the two sides decided to initiate consultations and negotiate a Strategic Engagement Plan (SEP). The broad contours of the SEP were discussed during the 7th meeting of Pakistan-EU Joint Commission on November 23, 2016.
The SEP is a forward looking, dynamic and comprehensive framework for structured cooperation in diverse fields, including in the spheres of:
(i) peace and security;
(ii) trade and investment;
(iii) democracy, governance, rule of law and human rights;
(iv) migration and mobility, science and technology;
(v) sustainable development, energy, climate change; and
(vi) education and culture.


2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
EU27 Import from Pak 3.56 4.28 4.73 4.97 5.33 5.53 6.08 5.51 6.64
EU27 Export to Pak 3.31 3.46 3.73 4.57 5.36 4.81 4.78 3.85 5.59
Total Bilateral Trade 6.87 7.74 8.46 9.54 10.69 10.34 10.86 9.36 12.23

Pakistan – Luxembourg Relations

Pakistan and Luxembourg enjoy friendly and cooperative relations based on shared values of democracy, pluralism, mutual respect and trust as well as common interests. Pakistan and Luxembourg have maintained good cooperation at the multilateral fora, including reciprocal support to candidatures. The bilateral trade stood around US$ 19.87 million in the FY 2021-22. Exports from Pakistan were recorded at US$ 450,000, while imports from Luxembourg were to the tune of US$ 19.4 million.
Pakistani Community in Luxembourg comprises of around 150 families. Most of them are professionals working in banks, financial institutions and multinational companies. The mission remains actively engaged with the Pakistani community in Luxembourg.
The inaugural session of Pakistan-Luxembourg Bilateral Political Consultations was held on 28 November 2022 in Luxembourg. The Pakistan side was led by Acting Foreign Secretary Jauhar Saleem while the Luxembourg side was headed by Mr. Jean Olinger, Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs.
The Consultations provided an important opportunity to review and discuss the entire spectrum of bilateral relations and discussed opportunities for further expanding trade and investment cooperation including fostering partnerships in green economy and agriculture, cooperation in education, science and technology and creating start-ups linkages.

Pakistan – Belgium Relations

Pakistan and Belgium established diplomatic relations in 1948 and Pakistan’s Embassy to Belgium was opened in 1952. The two countries enjoy close and cordial relations based on shared values of democracy, pluralism, mutual respect and trust as well as common interests. An enhanced level of engagement has been maintained with Belgium to strengthen bilateral relations and develop common understanding on in all domains, including trade and investment, education, science and technology, multilateral for a, parliamentary exchanges; tourism and people-to-people exchanges.